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In today’s modern world Education is a important aspect of people’s lives. As a result technology is its integral part. So in education industry technology requires more now a days in all sector whether it is secondary or higher education. Three Biggest main Changes in Higher Education are -:

  1. Technology has rapidly changed higher education –

Technology, and its role in the learning process, was the number one change spotted in past years . In fact, 60 percent of the surveys  said technology has fundamentally changed post-secondary teaching and learning. Another 20 percent of the survey focus to point out that personal electronic devices, such as tablets and smart phones, are changing the way students and instructors education.

  1. Higher education is better meeting the needs of non-traditional students  –

35 percent of surveys indicated that today colleges and universities are more responsive to the needs of non-traditional students than in the past. This  gives recent increases in the number of adult and working students enrolling at higher education institutions across many States.

  1. Declining budgets of education in private institutions –

Declining budgets for public institutions was a topic of concern for 30 percent of the surveys. They pointed out that tightening strings have created a new array of challenges for higher education institutions. So now a days government specially focuses to decrease the high budgets of education in private schools and colleges.

The other changes-

  1. Professors and instructors are focused on teaching

30 percent of surveys noted that educators have become less focused on publishing in recent years, and more concerned with instruction, competency and relevance.

  1. Degree programs are becoming more student-centric

25 percent of surveys noted that classes and degree programs have become markedly more self-paced and flexible in recent years.

  1. Declining recognition of the value of higher education

10 percent of surveys  noted a change in the popular attitude towards higher education. They pointed out that, over the past few years, the value of higher education degrees has been subject to increasing criticism from the public and from governments.

Recent Changes in Education System in India

Changes Brought About by the National Policy on Education (NPE)

  1. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education – In a developing country like India where resources are limited and parents are not financially prepared to send their children to school, the government is responsible for ensuring quality education for its young citizens.
  2. The establishment of learning facilities and occupational centers for women expansion of girls’ occupational centers – Literacy rates among women in India are low. With recent changes in the education system, the rates  up to over 50% at the start of the new education system.  In some states like Kerala, female literacy rates are as high as 86%.Programs like the Saakshar Bharat Mission for Female Literacy and the National Literacy Mission were responsible for this positive change in women’s education.  In Bihar, the government also introduced a program to gave free bicycles, laptops to female students so they can go to school. The problem of high dropout rates in secondary and higher education levels will remain exist.  The government has to think of ways so that parents sending their children in school and to reward students for staying in school.
  3. The increase of primary, secondary, and higher education institutions in rural areas – There are total of about 1.4Millions schools in India today and rural communities already have schools within walking distance. The problem is that there are a great number of schools but the quality of education in Indian must be improved. Rural schools built and founded by groups like the Rural Development Foundation.

5..The extension of programs for backward minorities and financial assistance for the poor – As per the Reservation Policy, 50% of the enrollment in public schools should be reserved for the poor and disadvantaged youth.

In conclusion

The  latest Annual Status of Education Report finds that  86% of adolescents are enrolled in the formal education system, only 53% of all 14-year-olds can read a simple text in English and just 44% can perform a simple division—highlight the status of secondary education in India today.

Surveys indicated that undereducated adolescents are left to navigate secondary schooling on their own as a result enrolment numbers drop and many do not even complete Class X.  The government’s National Achievement Survey (NAS) of 2014 found that only 16% of Class X students across all types of schools who could correctly answer more than half the mathematics questions put to them.

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)—the government’s flagship programme aimed at providing  access to quality secondary education. While the 12th Five-Year Plan (2012-2017) had recommended Rs27,466 crore to be allocated to RMSA, only Rs19,372 crore was allocated and even less spent. In 2016-17, per-student admissions  drop from Rs6,663 per annum to Rs3,960 per annum between primary and secondary level.

Digital India helps to send most of children to high schools without access to computer labs or even libraries. Learning becomes a second big problem when basic facilities are found lacking. Yet, as infrastructure are essential but not sufficient to improve quality of education. The transition from schooling to learning is far more complicated.

The first step to building this bridge and promote education is to accurately measure the distance. Teaching must be tailored to student needs not on  government mandates curriculum. Last year, the Right to Education Act was amended to capture learning outcomes and NAS (a competency-based evaluation covering 2.2 million students across 110,000 schools) was launched. This  is the tool to understand what exactly the child should be learning in various classes, how to teach them through activities.

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